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APSA (American Political Science Association)

APSA style generally follows Chicago Manual of Style’s author-date citation practice.

Online guides

Example sites

  • APSA Documentation from The University of Wisconsin - Madison Writing Center. Sample citations and references from The Style Manual for Political Science, revised edition 1993, and The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th edition, 1993. (Information on citing print sources.)

Print style guide

APSA style manual for political science.
Edition: Rev. August 2006.
Publication Info.: Washington, DC : American Political Science Association, Committee on Publications, c2006.
Call Number: JA86 .A52 2006

Style manuals in the University Libraries collections

Book and ebook versions of major styles guides.

EndNote at Virginia Tech


EndNote is bibliographic manager software allows researchers to save and organize results of database searches or lists of bibliographic references. A web-based product called EndNote Online is also available.

The university's site license for EndNote will end on May 1, 2017. After this date, EndNote will be available for individual purchase through Software Distribution, just like Microsoft and Adobe software packages. Access to the free version of EndNote Online will continue. We recommend users consider one of the freely available citation managers like Zotero or Mendeley.

EndNote Online

EndNote Online is the cloud-based version of EndNote. There is a free version anyone (including alumni) can use; students, faculty, and staff have access to the full version of EndNote web (that can sync with your installed desktop version) because of our subscription to Web of Science. You can install browser extensions to ease access to your EndNote libraries while searching online.