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Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style presents two basic documentation systems, the humanities style (notes and bibliography) and the author-date system. Choosing between the two often depends on subject matter and nature of sources cited, as each system is favored by different groups of scholars.

The humanities style is preferred by many in literature, history, and the arts. This style presents bibliographic information in notes and, often, a bibliography. It accommodates a variety of sources, including esoteric ones less appropriate to the author-date system.

The more concise author-date system has long been used by those in the physical, natural, and social sciences. In this system, sources are briefly cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author’s last name and date of publication. The short citations are amplified in a list of references, where full bibliographic information is provided.

Online guides

Data sets

Bibliography style (based on documentation for books):

Milberger, Sharon. Evaluation of Violence Against Women With Physical Disabilities in Michigan, 2000-2001. ICPSR version. Detroit: Wayne State University, 2002. Distributed by Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research, 2002. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03414.

Author-Date style:

Milberger, Sharon. 2002. Evaluation of Violence Against Women With Physical Disabilities in Michigan, 2000-2001. ICPSR version. Detroit: Wayne State University. Distributed by Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03414.

Example sites

Print style guides

The Chicago Manual of Style.
Edition: 16th edition.
Publication Info.: Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1982-
Call Number: PN147 .M36
 

EndNote output styles

(Chicago 16 A style uses footnotes. Chicago 16 B style does not use footnotes.)


Style manuals in the University Libraries collections

Book and ebook versions of major styles guides.


EndNote at Virginia Tech

    EndNote
EndNote is a software product that allows researchers to save and organize results of database searches or lists of bibliographic references. There are several similar products (ProCite, Reference Manager, RefWorks, WriteNote, Zotero, and Bookends) that provide the same functionality, but the university has a site license for EndNote only. A web-based product called EndNote Web is also available.

EndNote Web

From the Web of Knowledge portal, you can click on the register for more features link, create an account using your Virginia Tech email address, and then Sign in to access EndNote Web from the portal. If you have previously established an account at the Web of Knowledge portal, you can access EndNote Web without taking any additional steps. Alternatively, go directly to the EndNote Web site and Sign Up for an account. You must use your Virginia Tech email address when you register.