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MLA (Modern Language Association)

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text keyed to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the work. The MLA citation style has undergone significant changes with the release of the newest edition. We recommend that you check with your instructor about which edition of MLA you should follow.

Online guides

Example sites

  • MLA Citation Fox from University at Albany, State University of New York, based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.)
  • MLA Documentation Style from the University of Wisconsin - Madison Writing Center, based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (6th ed. [New York: MLA]. Includes information on citing electronic and print sources. The University of Wisconsin site reflects the changes in MLA style.
  • MLA Format from the University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Writers' Workshop. (Includes information on citing electronic and print sources.) Based on 6th edition when accessed July 2009.
  • MLA Formatting and Style Guide from the Online Writing Lab at Purdue University. Reflects information from the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.).

Print style guides

book jacket
MLA handbook for writers of research papers.
Edition: 7th ed.
Publication Info.: New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2009.
Call Number: LB2369 .G53 2009
 
book jacket
MLA style manual and guide to scholarly publishing.
Edition: 3rd ed.
Publication Info.: New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2008.
Call Number: PN147 .G444 2008
 

EndNote output styles


Style manuals in the University Libraries collections

Book and ebook versions of major styles guides.


EndNote at Virginia Tech

EndNote is a software product that allows researchers to save and organize results of database searches or lists of bibliographic references. There are several similar products (ProCite, Reference Manager, RefWorks, WriteNote, Zotero, and Bookends) that provide the same functionality, but the university has a site license for EndNote only. A web-based product called EndNote Web is also available.

EndNote Web

From the Web of Knowledge portal, you can click on the register for more features link, create an account using your Virginia Tech email address, and then Sign in to access EndNote Web from the portal. If you have previously established an account at the Web of Knowledge portal, you can access EndNote Web without taking any additional steps. Alternatively, go directly to the EndNote Web site and Sign Up for an account. You must use your Virginia Tech email address when you register.