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MLA (Modern Language Association)

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text keyed to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the work. The MLA citation style has undergone significant changes with the release of the newest edition. We recommend that you check with your instructor about which edition of MLA you should follow.

Online guides

Data sets

Minimum requirements based on instructions and examples for books and web publications:

Milberger, Sharon. Evaluation of Violence Against Women With Physical Disabilities in Michigan, 2000-2001. ICPSR version. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, 2002. Web. 19 May 2011.

With optional elements:

Milberger, Sharon. Evaluation of Violence Against Women With Physical Disabilities in Michigan, 2000-2001. ICPSR version. Detroit: Wayne State U [producer]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002. Web. 19 May 2011. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03414

Example sites

  • MLA Citation Fox from University at Albany, State University of New York, based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.)
  • MLA Documentation Style from the University of Wisconsin - Madison Writing Center, based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (6th ed. [New York: MLA]. Includes information on citing electronic and print sources. The University of Wisconsin site reflects the changes in MLA style.
  • MLA Format from the University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Writers' Workshop. (Includes information on citing electronic and print sources.) Based on 6th edition when accessed July 2009.
  • MLA Formatting and Style Guide from the Online Writing Lab at Purdue University. Reflects information from the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.).

Print style guides

book jacket
MLA handbook for writers of research papers.
Edition: 7th ed.
Publication Info.: New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2009.
Call Number: LB2369 .G53 2009
 
book jacket
MLA style manual and guide to scholarly publishing.
Edition: 3rd ed.
Publication Info.: New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2008.
Call Number: PN147 .G444 2008
 

EndNote output styles


Style manuals in the University Libraries collections

Book and ebook versions of major styles guides.


EndNote at Virginia Tech

    EndNote

EndNote is bibliographic manager software allows researchers to save and organize results of database searches or lists of bibliographic references. A web-based product called EndNote Online is also available.

The university's site license for EndNote will end on May 1, 2017. After this date, EndNote will be available for individual purchase through Software Distribution, just like Microsoft and Adobe software packages. Access to the free version of EndNote Online will continue. We recommend users consider one of the freely available citation managers like Zotero or Mendeley.


EndNote Online

EndNote Online is the cloud-based version of EndNote. There is a free version anyone (including alumni) can use; students, faculty, and staff have access to the full version of EndNote web (that can sync with your installed desktop version) because of our subscription to Web of Science. You can install browser extensions to ease access to your EndNote libraries while searching online.