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Turabian

Turabian style is used widely in literature, history, and the arts and offers the option of using an author-date system with notes and parenthetical references. Bibliography items are listed alphabetically at the end of the research paper. Items are referred to in the body of the paper using the Footnote or In-Text style.

Except for a few minor differences, Turabian style is the same as The Chicago Manual of Style. However, while The Chicago Manual of Style focuses on providing guidelines for publishing in general, Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations focuses on providing guidelines for student papers, theses and dissertations.

Online guides

  • Turabian Citation Guide official site.  Includes author information, book purchasing information, and example citations.

Example sites

Print style guides

book jacket
A manual for writers of term papers, theses, and dissertations / Kate L. Turabian.
Edition: 7th ed. / rev. by John Grossman and Alice Bennett.
Publication Info.: Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2007.
Call Number: LB2369 .T8 2007
 

EndNote output styles


Style manuals in the University Libraries collections

Book and ebook versions of major styles guides.


EndNote at Virginia Tech

    EndNote

EndNote is bibliographic manager software allows researchers to save and organize results of database searches or lists of bibliographic references. A web-based product called EndNote Online is also available.

The university's site license for EndNote will end on May 1, 2017. After this date, EndNote will be available for individual purchase through Software Distribution, just like Microsoft and Adobe software packages. Access to the free version of EndNote Online will continue. We recommend users consider one of the freely available citation managers like Zotero or Mendeley.


EndNote Online

EndNote Online is the cloud-based version of EndNote. There is a free version anyone (including alumni) can use; students, faculty, and staff have access to the full version of EndNote web (that can sync with your installed desktop version) because of our subscription to Web of Science. You can install browser extensions to ease access to your EndNote libraries while searching online.