Skip Menu

Return to Skip Menu

Main Content

Citation generators

There are tools that can assist you in creating citations for your in text citations and footnotes or bibliographies at the end of your papers. Simply enter or import the citation data, choose a citation style, and the tool generates the citation for you.

Note that the online tools are limited: they often only generate citations for the most commonly used resources, such as books and articles. They may not have an option, or generate an incorrect citation, for infrequently used formats, like videos, conference papers or interviews.

Finally, you need to be aware of what edition of the style guide is used by the tool. Some tools have not updated to the latest versions: they can generate outdated citations. Always verify what is generated for you with the latest edition of the style guide.


EndNote is a citation management software that both stores citation data in a database and inserts and formats citations into word processing documents. Simply select a citation from your list to insert an in-text entry; another entry for footnotes or bibliography will automatically be created. You can also switch among many formats with a simple menu choice. Major style guides, such as APA and MLA are included, along with hundreds of styles for journals and other publications. The Virginia Tech Libraries provide the software for free to current students, faculty and staff.


Most records in Addison provide a Cite This Item link to see a list of how the item should be cited in APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, and Turabian styles. See this example. Note that this WorldCat service does not list what edition of the style guides are used to generate these citations--it has been noted that the APA citations are often incorrect. Capitalization is also incorrect for many items. Verify these citations with the current edition of your style manual!

Online citation generators

Knight Cite - KnightCite is an online citation generator service provided by the Hekman Library of Calvin College. It provides a form to enter citation data from a large variety of sources that will return citations formatted in MLA (6th edition), APA (5th edition), and Chicago (6th edition) styles.

BibMe - BibMe is a free auto-fill automatic bibliography creator that will format your bibliography in MLA, APA, and Chicago citation styles

Zotero from George Mason University is a free, easy-to-use Firefox extension to help you collect, manage, and cite your research sources. It lives right where you do your work—in the web browser itself. Zotero includes the best parts of older reference manager software (like EndNote) — the ability to store author, title, and publication fields and to export that information as formatted references—and the best parts of modern software and web applications (like iTunes and, such as the ability to interact, tag, and search in advanced ways. Zotero integrates tightly with online resources; it can sense when users are viewing a book, article, or other object on the web, and—on many major research and library sites—find and automatically save the full reference information for the item in the correct fields. Since it lives in the web browser, it can effortlessly transmit information to, and receive information from, other web services and applications; since it runs on one’s personal computer, it can also communicate with software running there (such as Microsoft Word).

Son of Citation Machine - helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information that they use.  Its primary goal is to make it so easy for student researchers to cite their information sources, that there is virtually no reason not to.  Fill-in-the-blank forms will generate citations in MLA, APA, Turabian, and Chicago styles.

Style manuals in the University Libraries collections

Book and ebook versions of major styles guides.

EndNote at Virginia Tech


EndNote is bibliographic manager software allows researchers to save and organize results of database searches or lists of bibliographic references. A web-based product called EndNote Online is also available.

Virginia Tech's site license for EndNote has been renewed until May 2020. This means that current users of EndNote can continue to use the software without interruption, and new users of EndNote can download the software knowing that it will be available until at least 2020.

EndNote Online

EndNote Online is the cloud-based version of EndNote. There is a free version anyone (including alumni) can use; students, faculty, and staff have access to the full version of EndNote web (that can sync with your installed desktop version) because of our subscription to Web of Science. You can install browser extensions to ease access to your EndNote libraries while searching online.