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Early 20th century

These databases provide primary documents produced from 1900 to 1939.

  • America's Historical Imprints from Newsbank-Readex

        Newsbank Readex
    This resource is restricted to Virginia Tech users only

    America's Historical Imprints from Newsbank-Readex

    America's Historical Imprints is a digital collection containing virtually every book, pamphlet, and broadside published in America over a 200-year period. It is comprised of a vast range of publications, including advertisements, almanacs, bibles, broadsides, catalogs, charters and by-laws, contracts, cookbooks, elegies, eulogies, laws, maps, narratives, novels, operas, pamphlets, plays, poems, primers, sermons, songs, speeches, textbooks, tracts, travelogues, treaties, and more. Scanned pages available as JPEG, TIFF, and PDF.  

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  • American Memory from the Library of Congress

        Library of Congress
    This resource is freely accessible Contents of this resource available through Summon Gold open access - publishing

    American Memory from the Library of Congress

    American Memory is a gateway to the Library of Congress’s digitized American historical materials, organized into more than 100 thematic collections. Original formats include manuscripts, prints, photographs, posters, maps, sound recordings, motion pictures, books, pamphlets, and sheet music. Each collection provides explanatory features to make the materials easy to find, use, and understand. Collections may be browsed individually, searched individually (including full-text searching for many written items), or searched across multiple collections. 1400s-present.

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  • American Journeys

        American Journeys
    This resource is freely accessible

    American Journeys

    American Journeys indexes the full text of more than 18,000 pages of eyewitness accounts of North American exploration, from the sagas of Vikings in Canada in AD1000 to the diaries of mountain men in the Rockies 800 years later. Read the words of explorers, Indians, missionaries, traders and settlers as they lived through the founding moments of American history. Includes more than 150 rare books, original manuscripts, and classic travel narratives. 1000s-1840s

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  • Virginia Heritage Database

        Virginia Heritage
    This resource is freely accessible Sponsored by VIVA, the Virtual Library of Virginia Contents of this resource available through Summon

    Virginia Heritage Database

    Virginia Heritage indexes finding aids (collection descriptions) to manuscripts and archival materials held by libraries across Virginia. These finding aids may link to digitized versions of these materials, but the majority of these collections have not yet been digitized. 1607-present.  

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  • Documenting the American South (DocSouth)

        Documenting the American South
    This resource is freely accessible

    Documenting the American South (DocSouth)

    A digital publishing initiative that provides online access to primary sources such as texts, images, and audio files related to southern history, literature, and culture. Currently DocSouth includes fourteen thematic collections of books, diaries, posters, artifacts, letters, maps, literary works, oral history interviews, and songs. 1500s-present.

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  • Daily Life Through History from Greenwood

        Greenwood (Daily Life Through History)
    This resource is restricted to Virginia Tech users only Contents of this resource available through Summon

    Daily Life Through History from Greenwood

    Daily Life Through History provides full-text encyclopedic articles and primary documents in HTML on the Ancient Worlds and Mesoamerica, from Mesopotamia to Victorian England. Includes color and black-and-white images, illustrations, and maps, chronologies, bibliographies, glossaries, and lesson plans for teachers.  

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  • Gerritsen Collection--Women's History Online, 1543-1945 from Chadwyck-Healey

        Gerritsen collection
    This resource is restricted to Virginia Tech users only Contents of this resource available through Summon

    Gerritsen Collection--Women's History Online, 1543-1945 from Chadwyck-Healey

    The Gerritsen Collection contains full-text (PDF and TIFF) journals, books, and pamphlets covering the social science aspects of feminism and the women's rights movement. 1543-1945.  

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  • Making of America from Cornell University

        Making of America
    This resource is freely accessible Contents of this resource available through Summon

    Making of America from Cornell University

    Making of America provides digital reproductions of primary sources related to development of the U.S. infrastructure. Content is provided in text, GIF, and PDF formats. Major segments of this collection include magazines, ebooks, and Civil War documents. 1840-1900.

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  • Making of America from the University of Michigan

        Making of America
    This resource is freely accessible Contents of this resource available through Summon

    Making of America from the University of Michigan

    Making of America (MoA) is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. Content is available in text, GIF, and PDF formats. 1840-1900.

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  • American Slavery: A Composite Autobiography from Greenwood

        Greenwood
    This resource is restricted to Virginia Tech users only This resource is freely accessible Contents of this resource available through Summon

    American Slavery: A Composite Autobiography from Greenwood

    American Slavery contains both an overview of the collection of former slave narratives with related links (available without charge from the home page) and the collection of narratives themselves. Each narrative is delivered as a PDF as originally transcribed, with some interviews available as sound files. Searchable by name of narrator, interviewer, or master, the county or state where the narrator lived in slavery, the narrator's age or year of birth, or the location of the material in the print version (volume and page). 1920s-1940s (original interviews).  

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Primary, secondary, and tertiary sources

Primary sources allow researchers to get as close as possible to original ideas, events, and empirical research as possible. Such sources include creative works, first hand accounts of events, and the publication of empirical observations or research.

Secondary sources analyze, review, or summarize information in primary resources or other secondary resources. Secondary sources often rely on other secondary sources and standard disciplinary methods to reach results, and they provide the principle sources of analysis about primary sources.

Tertiary sources provide overviews of topics by synthesizing information gathered from other resources. Tertiary resources often provide data in a convenient form or provide information with context by which to interpret it.

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