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PubMed/MEDLINE from the NLM

    National Library of Medicine
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PubMed/MEDLINE from the NLM

PubMed indexes citations, abstracts, and some full text for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books in the life sciences, including the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and preclinical sciences. Advanced search limits include types of articles (such as clinical trial, case reports, or review), human or animal studies, and age of subjects. Full text provided as HTML and PDF. 1947-present.  

Full record


  1. In PubMed, use the dropdown menu (set by default to All Databases) and select PMC
  2. Click on Search, without entering any term.
  3. Go to Advanced
  4. In the pulldown menu under "Builder" select Reference Author
  5. You may also add other terms in different fields in a second box You may also show index list when you have chosen a name in Reference Author and you will see a list of authors with the name you are searching. Select one or more and the search engine will place the names in the search box and search those names.
  6. Click on Search

The results showing are those articles in the PubMed Central Collection in which the "Reference Author" was cited.

The PubMed database offers a limited version of cited reference searching. PubMed records which are cited by articles in the PubMed Central database, can be found on the abstract page for a record. You can look for them on the right-hand side of the page, below the “Related citations in PubMed” section. The cited references link to the PubMed records, which in turn link to the full text articles since PubMed Central is an open access database.

Cited reference searching starts with a specific article, book, or other publication. Usually your first step is to find that publication in the database you are using. That may mean searching the title, but sometimes you'll use the author's name. Since citations for this publication can vary, expect the need to select from among variations or to perform multiple searches and combining the results.

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