Alternative metrics of impact or altmetrics are a new way to measure and track the social impact of research in real time. Altmetrics track research uptake via social media, citation counting, mentions or bookmarks, attention to high profile blogs, and even Wikipedia references.
Altmetrics allows us to expand our view of what's making the impact and what it looks like in a scholarly environment that is becoming more diverse. Articles are increasingly joined by:
The diversity of altmetrics will be essential to sift these new forms, since they're outside the scope of traditional filters and help us measure the aggregate impact of the research enterprise itself.
Advantages to leverage altmetrics for individual and group assessments. Limitations and the potential for gaming the system with altmetrics.
There is an interesting relationship between altmetrics and open access. One could even refer to altmetrics as open metrics, since altmetrics data use open sources. Altmetrics in turn provide APIs for embedding altmetrics into institutional repositories or third-party systems. Open access research outputs that are themselves promoted via social web applications enjoy higher visibility and accessibility than those published within the commercial scholarly communication model, increasing the prospect of public consumption and engagement.
Classes of platforms and tools that provide data for altmetrics applications
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