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Eigenfactor and normalized Eigenfactor

The Eigenfactor score of a journal is an estimate of the percentage of time that library users spend with that journal. An Eigenfactor is based on the number of cited references, with citations from highly ranked journals weighted to make a larger contribution than those from poorly ranked journals. 

The Eigenfactor Score measures the number of times articles from the journal published in the past five years have been cited in the JCR year.

Like the impact factor, the Eigenfactor Score is essentially a ratio of number of citations to total number of articles. However, unlike the impact factor, the Eigenfactor Score:

  • Counts citations to journals in both the sciences and social sciences.
  • Eliminates self-citations. Every reference from one article in a journal to another article from the same journal is discounted.
  • Weights each reference according to a stochastic measure of the amount of time researchers spend reading the journal.

Eigenfactor scores are scaled so that the sum of the Eigenfactor scores of all journals listed in Thomson's Journal Citation Reports (JCR) is 100. In 2011, the journal Nature had the highest Eigenfactor score, with a score of 1.65524. The top thousand journals, as ranked by Eigenfactor score, all have Eigenfactor scoreabove 0.01.

The Normalized Eigenfactor (NE) converts a journal's Eigenfactor into a multiplicative score centered around 1, such that, if a journal received an NE score of 2, it would be twice as influential as the average journal in the network. It should be noted that Eigen-based metrics (unlike the Impact Factor) require iterative computation upon the entire citation dataset, and there is no standard for how that calculation is done.

Finding Eigenfactors and JCR - Journal Citation Reports from Thomson's InCites both display Eigenfactors for indexed journals.