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Research methods defined

There are many forms research can take; several of these methods are described below*.

Library
Involves identifying and locating sources of factual information, expert opnion, or supportind documentation for a research question
This method is used with most other ones listed here
Experimental
Takes place in a laboratory or other dedicated facility, using specific equipment and procedures
Explicatory
Focuses on unexamined details or evidence of a text or event, in order to understand one or more aspecfts of it
Field
When the researcher travels to the location of the study
Observational
Capturing details of a behavior in a lab or in the field
Interview
Recording any variation of conversations about an experience, issue, or procedure, with which the interviewee is knowledgeable.
Survey
Recording responses to a series of questions, possibly including demographic or socioeconomic information
Longitudinal
Following a study over time or periodically reperforming research methodologies on the same sample or group
Archival
Close study of original documents, like those collected by libraries, governments, and other organizations, that exist in a unique location
Qualitative
Research whose results are textual, images, or otherwise non-numerical
Quantitative
Research whose results are numerical, where the study involves measurements, mathematical calculations, graphs, and figures
Empirical
Experiments or observations that test the validity of the studies phenonenon
Theoretical
Speculations based on finding of other research to explain or predict behavior, phenomena, or results

* Based on The Elements of Library Researchby Mary W. George.



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