Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere dealing with weather processes and forecasting. Climatology is the study and modeling of weather over time.
Atmospheric Science indexes citations, abstracts, and some full-text journal articles, conference proceedings, books, and technical reports on meteorology, climatology, atmospheric chemistry and physics, astrophysics, hydrology, glaciology, physical oceanography and environmental sciences. You can limit to peer-reviewed sources. 1974-present.
Science Citation Index, a subset of Web of Science, indexes citations, abstracts, and some full text from journal articles, books, and conference proceedings in all science disciplines. You can search cited references. 1975-present (older data available in print).